This news item expired on Friday, December 11, 2020 so the information below could be outdated or incorrect.
From the Census Bureau:
In fiscal year 2015, census data was used to determine the allocation of $675 billion for 132 programs including Medicaid, SNAP, the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program, Head Start, and Highway Planning and Construction. The top five programs by amount of funds that used census-based population numbers and population characteristics to determine fund distribution in fiscal year 2015 were: Medicaid ($311 billion); the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP $71 billion); Medicare Part B ($70 billion); Highway Planning and Construction ($38 billion); and the Federal Pell Grant program ($29.9 billion), according to a Census report. You can view all 132 programs here or in the below PDF.