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Asbestos and Demolition 

What is Asbestos?

Asbestos is a generic name for the fibrous variety of six naturally occurring minerals that have been used in commercial products. It is made up of long, thin, fiber bundles that are flexible and easily separated. The name “asbestos” is not a mineralogical definition, it is a commercial designation for mineral products that can be woven and have high tensile strength, flexibility, resistance to chemical and thermal degradation, and high electrical resistance. Until recent years, asbestos was commonly used as a component of insulation, shingles, floor tiles, and other parts of the home. For more information, please visit: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/asbestos.html

Asbestos Regulations Explained

The removal of asbestos-containing materials from buildings is regulated by the Federal Occupational and Health Administration (OSHA), the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Western North Carolina Regional Air Quality Agency (WNCRAQA).

WNCRAQA must be notified of plans to demolish or remodel any building in Buncombe county no matter the age, including residential, commercial, industrial or public buildings; or plans to remove any asbestos-containing material. These buildings must be surveyed by accredited asbestos inspectors prior to beginning any demolition or removal activities, to determine the amount of asbestos present and the applicable rules.

If asbestos is present, a permit must be obtained from WNCRAQA before any asbestos-containing materials are removed from a building. All asbestos-containing materials must be removed before a building may be demolished.

Demolition or removal must be handled so that asbestos fibers are not released into the air. Asbestos-containing materials must be kept wet. Materials that can be crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder by hand pressure when dry, (friable), must be removed by asbestos-accredited professionals prior to demolition. Asbestos cement board, or transite siding, must be removed prior to demolition.

Please call (828) 250-6777 if you have any further questions or need additional information on removal of asbestos-containing materials.

Notification of Demolition and/or Asbestos Removal Application: (Word Document, PDF)

Demolition and Asbestos Removal Fee Schedule
Residential Renovation:
Demolition $100
Residential Category I and II Non-Friable:
0-150 Square Feet $75
151 Square Feet and up $150
Residential Friable Asbestos:
0-159 Square Feet $100
160-300 Square Feet $200
301-500 Square Feet $400
Each additional 500 Square Feet +$200
Commercial, Industrial, Institutional, and Public Buildings:
Commercial Demolition less then 5000 Square Feet $150
Commercial Demolition 5000-20000 Square Feet $300
Commercial Demolition greater than 20000 Square Feet $500
Fire Training $200
Commercial Category I Non-Friable:
0-150 Square Feet $100
151-1000 Square Feet $200
Each additional 2000 Square Feet +$200
Commercial Category II Non-Friable:
0-150 Square Feet $100
151-1000 Square Feet $200
Each additional 2000 Square Feet +$200
Commercial Friable Asbestos:
0-159 Square Feet $100
160-300 Square Feet $200
301-500 Square Feet $400
Each additional 500 Square Feet +$200
THE ABOVE FEES ARE TO BE CALCULATED PER CONTAINMENT